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Cantatul nazal (pe nas) un defect de emisie vocala.

Cantatul nazal (pe nas) un defect de emisie vocala.

Daca nu este un defect fiziologic, o deviere de sept sau pur si simplu un obicei de emisie care se regaseste si in vorbire, cantatul pe nas se poate corija.

Deviatia de sept (nasul stramb) poate fi o simpla variatie a structurii normale putand sa apara in timpul dezvoltarii prenatale, in timpul nasterii sau pe masura ce nasul creste. De asemena, afectiunea poate sa apara ca urmare a unui traumatism nazal.

Nu totdeauna deviatia de sept are ca urmare defecte de vorbire sau de emisie si nu totdeauna o deviatie de sept necesita interventie chirurgicala. De cele mai multe ori cei care au septul deviat acuza greutati in respiratie pe o nara sau pe ambele.

O persoana care se naste cu o usoara deviatie de sept, se va obisnui de-alungul vietii cu sonoritatea vocii sale. Pentru un cantaret, o interventie chirurgicala la nivelul nasului poate afecta senzatiile sonore cu care s-a obisnuit deja si poate provoca o deruta in reflexele adoptate.

Daca emisia pe nas a sunetelor nu are cauze fiziologice atunci corijarea acestui defect este foarte simpla.

De multe ori, in incercarea de a trimite sunetul in rezonatorii faciali, facem apel la cantatul un pic mai nazal deoarece acesta este primul pas spre intelegerea a ceea ce inseamna trimiterea sunetului in apnee (spre sinusuri). Aceasta emisie e uneori necesara ca o etapa de trecere spre cantatul impostat.

Cantatul nazal protejeaza corzile vocale de efort si de cele mai multe ori nu este sesizat in momentul in care cantam la microfon. Cu toate acestea, daca se exagereaza in acest fel de emisie, el poate deveni un defect mai ales atunci cand devine un gest reflex necontrolat. In acest caz, vibratia produsa de corzile vocale nu se mai propaga in exterior ci ramane in zona nasului si sunetul obtinut nu are volum (se aude incet).

Cel mai simplu exercitiu pentru a scapa de acest defect este sa cantam vocalizele sau melodiile astupand narile cu mana. Ne tinem de nas si incercam sa cantam ca si cum nasul nu ar fi astupat. E bine sa memoram senzatia obtinuta iar cand dam drumul narilor, sa cantam cu acea noua senzatie ca si cum narile noastre ar fi inca astupate.

E bine sa mentionez faptul ca sonoritatea pe care noi o auzim in interior nu se aseamana deloc cu cea care se aude in exterior. Daca ne-am obisnuit cu o anumita sonoritate in momentul in care cantam nazal, atunci cand incercam sa corijam acest defect sonoritatea pe care o vom percepe va fi diferita de cea cu care ne-am obisnuit. De aceia sfatul meu este sa folosim un reportofon care sa ne ajute sa intelegem sonoritatea exterioara.

Sunt multi cantareti care aleg sa emita sunete nazale pe toata durata carierei lor (aici ma refer la cantareti de muzica pop, etc…) si acest lucru nu este considerat un defect de emisie. In ce priveste cantaretii de muzica clasica, acestia e bine sa corijeze acest defect.

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Nasal singing – a flawed sound emission.

If you suffer from a physiological condition, septal deviation or you simply have this habit of sound emission while speaking, singing through your nose can be corrected. A deviated septum (crooked nose) may be a simple deviation of the normal structure which can occur during prenatal development, during birth, as the nose grows or due to nasal trauma.

A deviated septum does not always affect speaking and does not always require surgery. Most often those who suffer from a deviated septum notice shortness of breath in one nostril or both.
If a person is born with a slight deviated septum they will ultimately get used to the sound of their voice. In the case of singers, nose surgery can affect the processing of the sound that they are already used to and can cause confusion in reflexes.

If the nasal sound emission has no physiological causes, correcting this defect becomes very easy. Often, in an attempt to send the sound through the facial resonators, we appeal to a little more nasal singing because it is the first step toward understanding what it means sending sound to the apnea (sinuses). This emission is sometimes necessary as a phase transition to singing.

Head singing protects the vocal cords and the effort is more than often not noticed when singing on the microphone. However, if you exaggerate this kind of emission, it may become a flaw, especially if it becomes a reflex control. In this case, the vibration produced by the vocal cords no longer propagates outward but remains in the nose and diminishes the sound volume (we sing quieter).

The easiest exercise to get rid of this flaw is to sing songs while holding our noses. The technique requires us to hold our nose and try to sing like we always do. It’s a good idea to memorize the feeling obtained while holding our nose and try to reproduce it while we do not hold our nose.

It is important to mention that the sounds that we hear bear no resemblance to the ones that are heard outside. If we have become accustomed to a certain tonality when using our head voice, we will perceive a different sound to that which we are accustomed to after correcting this flaw. That is why my advice to you is to use a tape recorder to help understand and get used to your own singing voice.

There are many singers who choose nasal singing throughout their career (I mostly refer to pop singers) and this is not considered a defective emission in their case. However, in the case of classical music singers, it is considered a flaw and should be corrected.

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